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Shape School
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Supplemental: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Short Description of Instrument
The Shape School examines inhibition and switching processes in children. The measure uses a storybook design with colors, facial expressions and shapes that a child, ages 36, would know. The Shape School involves four conditions: control, inhibit, switch and both. Each condition includes 15 figures.
Administration  time  is  approximately  one  hour:  closer  to  45  minutes  for younger children and 75 minutes for older children.
The dependent measure for each condition was an efficiency score, calculated from accuracy indexes and naming speed [efficiency = (the number of correct - the number of errors) / total time].

Appropriate for children aged 3 to 6 years.

"This measure has excellent potential to elucidate emerging executive functions in young children." – McCauley et al. 2012
Espy, K. (1997). The Shape School: Assessing executive function in preschool children. Dev Neuropsychol 13, 495-499.
Other references:
McCauley SR, Wilde EA, Anderson VA, Bedell G, Beers SR, Campbell TF, Chapman SB, Ewing-Cobbs L, Gerring JP, Gioia GA, Levin HS, Michaud LJ, Prasad MR, Swaine BR, Turkstra LS, Wade SL, Yeates KO; Pediatric TBI Outcomes Workgroup. Recommendations for the use of common outcome measures in pediatric traumatic brain injury research. J Neurotrauma. 2012;29(4):678-705.


Document last updated March 2018