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Borg Dyspnea Scale
The instrument is freely available here: Borg Dyspnea Scale
Supplemental: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Short Description of Instrument
The Borg Scale is used to measure the patient's sensation of breathlessness during various activities.
The severity is measured on either the modified scale of 0-10 or the original scale listed below.
0- Nothing at all.
1- Just noticeable.
2- Very slight.
4-Slight Moderate.
5- Moderate.
6-Some difficulty.
7-Moderately severe.
9-Very severe.
10- Panic level, maximal shortness of breath.
Original scoring:
The severity is measured on a scale of 0-10.
0 No Breathlessness At All.
0.5 Very Very Slight (Just Noticeable).
1 Very Slight.
2 Slight Breathlessness.
3 Moderate.
4 Somewhat Severe.
5-6 Severe Breathlessness.
7-8 Very Severe Breathlessness.
9 Very Very Severe (Almost Maximum).
10 Maximum.
Borg G. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1982;14:377-381.
Elliott MW, Adams L, Cockcroft A, Macrae KD, Murrhy K, Guz A. The language of breathlessness. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991;144:826-832.
Nield M, Kim MJ, Patel M. Use of magnitude estimation for estimating the parameters of dyspnea. Nurs Res. 1989;38:77-80.


Document last updated July 2019