Report Viewer

NINDS CDE Notice of Copyright
Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition (WRAML-2)
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Wide Range of Memory and Learning Second Edition
Supplemental: Cerebral Palsy (CP), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Neuromuscular Disease (NMD), Sport-Related Concussion (SRC) Subacute (after 72 hours to 3 months) and Persistent/Chronic (3 months and greater post concussion), and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).
Short Description of Instrument
Benefit: Provides an integrated set of memory tests that can be used across a life span.
Ages/Grade: 5 to 90 years.
Administration Time: Less than 60 minutes for core battery; 10 to 15 minutes for Memory Screening Form.
Format: Individually administered memory, delayed recall, and recognition tasks.
Scores: Index and subtest scores that can be converted to standard scores and percentiles for age-based performance comparisons.
Sport-Related Concussion Specific:
Advantage: This comprehensive memory measure is widely used in traumatic brain injury, though more often with children with moderate to severe levels of impairment. It includes a screening method and more in depth tests of learning, recall, and recognition.
Limitations: More often used in samples with mixed severity rather than concussion.
Sheslow D & Adams W. (2003). Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning-- Revised (WRAML-2). Administration and Technical Manual. Wide Range, Inc: Wilmington, DE.
Donders J& Hoffman N. Gender differences in learning and memory after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychol. 2002;16(4):491-499.
Farmer J, Haut J, Williams J, Kapila C, Johnstone B, Kirk K. Comprehensive assessment of memory functioning following traumatic brain injury in children. Dev Neuropsychol. 1999;15(2):269-289.
Williams J& Haut J. Differential performances on the WRAML in children and adolescents diagnosed with epilepsy, head injury and substance abuse. Dev Neuropsychol. 1995;11(2):201-213.
Woodward H& Donders J. The performance of children with traumatic head injury on the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning--Screening. Appl Neuropsychol. 1998;5(3):113-119.


Document last updated March 2018