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Brief Visuospatial Memory Test Revised (BVMT-R)
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Brief Visuospatial Memory Test – Revised.
Supplemental: Cerebral Palsy (CP), Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Sport-Related Concussion (SRC), Stroke, and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Short Description of Instrument
Author: Ralph H. B. Benedict, PhD, ABCN
A measure of visuospatial memory, the Brief Visualspatial Memory Test – Revised (BVMT-R) can be used as part of a large neuropsychological battery, as a screening measure, and as a repeat measure to document changes over time.
Purpose: Measure visuospatial memory
Age range:18 to 79 years
Administration: Individual
Administration time: 45 minutes timed (includes 25-minute delay)
Scoring time: 25 minutes
Comments/Special Instructions
The BVMT-R is designed for easy administration in clinical settings or at the bedside.
Six equivalent, alternate stimulus forms consist of six geometric figures printed in a 2 x 3 array on separate pages.
In three Learning Trials, the respondent views the stimulus page for 10 seconds and is asked to draw as many of the figures as possible in their correct location on a page in the response booklet. A Delayed Recall Trial is administered after a 25-minute delay. Last, a Recognition Trial, in which the respondent is asked to identify which of 12 figures were included among the original geometric figures, is administered.
An optional Copy Trial may be administered to screen for severe visuoconstructive deficits and to help in scoring recall responses.
Scoring and Psychometric Properties
Scoring: Twelve scores may be derived from BVMT-R performance.
Recall performance is recorded for each of the immediate recall trials (Trial 1, Trail 2, and Trial 3) and for the delayed recall trial (Delayed Recall).
The recall scores are combined to form three additional summary measures of learning and memory.
Recognition Hits and False Alarms are recorded during the delayed recognition task. Recognition Hits are calculated as the number of correct "YES" responses to target items, and Recognition False Alarms are calculated as the number of incorrect "yes" responses to nontarget items.
Psychometric Properties: Reliability coefficients range from .96 to .97 for the three Learning trials, .97 for Total Recall, and .97 for Delayed Recall. Test-retest reliability coefficients range from .60 for Trial 1 to .84 for Trial 3. The BVMT-R correlates most strongly with other tests of visual memory and less strongly with tests of verbal memory.
Benedict, RHB. Brief visuospatial memory test - revised: Professional manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc; 1997.
Benedict RHB, Groninger L. Preliminary standardization of a new visuospatial memory test with six alternative forms. Clin Neuropsychol. 1995;9(1):11-16.
Benedict RHB, Schretlen D, Groninger L, Dobraski M, Shpritz B. Revision of the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test: Studies of Normal Performance, Reliability, and Validity. Psychol Assess. 1996;8(2):145-153.
Campanholo KR, Conforto AB, Rimkus CM, Miotto EC.Cognitive and Functional Impairment in Stroke Survivors with Basilar Artery Occlusive Disease.Behav Neurol. 2015; 971514.
Tam JW, Schmitter-Edgecombe M. The role of processing speed in the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - revised. Clin Neuropsychol. 2013;27(6):962-972.


Document last updated May 2020