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Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL-Scale)
The instrument is available here: Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale
Supplemental: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Short Description of Instrument

The Schwab & England Activities of Daily Living Scale estimates the abilities of individuals living with a disease relative to a completely independent situation.


Scores range from one hundred percent, which indicates a completely independent individual, and zero percent, which indicates an individual in who is no longer functioning.

McRae C, Diem G, Vo A, O'Brien C, Seeberger L. Reliability of measurements of patient health status: a comparison of physician, patient, and caregiver ratings. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2002;8(3):187-192.
Schwab RS, England AC Jr. Projection techniques for evaluating surgery in Parkinson's Disease. pages 152-157 (Table 1, page 153). IN: Third Symposium on Parkinson's Disease, Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, May 20-22, 1968. E.& S. Livingstone Ltd. 1969.


Document last updated April 2020