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STOP-BANG Questionnaire
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: STOP-BANG Questionnaire
Supplemental: Parkinson's Disease (PD)
Short Description of Instrument
The STOP-BANG Questionnaire is an 8-item self-administered questionnaire that assesses the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. It was designed in a yes/no format and includes 8 questions related to snoring, daytime sleepiness, stopped breathing during sleep, and hypertension. The acronym represents the way the questions are presented: Snoring, Tired, Observed, Blood Pressure (STOP) and Body Mass Index, Age, Neck size, Gender (BANG).
Scoring and Psychometric Properties
Low risk of OSA:
Yes to 0-2 questions
Moderate risk:
Yes to 3-4 questions
High risk:
Yes to 5-8 questions
Yes to 2 or more of 4 STOP questions + male gender
Yes to 2 or more of 4 STOP questions + BMI > 35 kg/m2
Yes to 2 or more of 4 STOP questions + neck >40cm or 16 inches
Strengths: Simple, fast and easy to be completed.
Weaknesses: it is an estimation of obstructive sleep apnea and may be used as a screening phase as the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea is done by polysomnography. Not widely used in PD.
Key References:
Chung F, Abdullah HR, Liao P. STOP-Bang Questionnaire: A Practical Approach to Screen for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Chest. 2016 Mar;149(3):631-8.
Nagappa M, Liao P, Wong J, Auckley D, Ramachandran SK, Memtsoudis S, Mokhlesi B, Chung F. Validation of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Different Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS One. 2015 Dec 14;10(12):e0143697.
Document Last Updated August 2022