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Radboud Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson's Disease (ROMP)
Please visit this website for more information about the instrument: Radboud Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson's Disease
Supplemental: Parkinson's Disease (PD)
Short Description of Instrument
The Radboud Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson?s Disease (ROMP) is a self-reported questionnaire that was developed in 2011, based on both clinician experience and patient opinion. It screens for abnormalities of speech, swallowing, saliva control and it measures the physical and psychosocial impact of each domain. The ROMP is divided into three sections - Speech, Swallowing, Saliva. The Speech section contains 7 questions; the Swallowing section 7; the Saliva section 9.
Scoring and Psychometric Properties
Scoring: The ROMP is a 23-item, self-reported questionnaire with 3 domains: ROMP-speech (7 items), ROMP-swallowing (7 items), ROMP-saliva (9 items). Severity score in each question range from 1-5 points. Total score: 23-114 points.
Psychometric Properties: Internal consistency was 0.95 for the total ROMP and 0.87 to 0.94 for the three subscales. Intraclass correlation coefficients for reproducibility were 0.94 and 0.83 to 0.92 for the subscales. Construct validity was substantial to good, with correlations ranging from 0.36 to 0.82.
Strengths: The ROMP measures both frequency and impact (e.g., physical and psychosocial) aspects of the three components studied.  It is a validated and reliable instrument to evaluate patient-perceived problems with speech, swallowing, and saliva control in individuals with Parkinson's disease. It has been designated as "recommended" by the MDS Task Force on Rating Scales for Parkinson's disease.
Weaknesses: In the validation study, most patients had only mild-moderate symptoms. Additionally, patients may underestimate the severity of difficulties.
Key Reference:
Kalf JG, Borm GF, de Swart BJ, Bloem BR, Zwarts MJ, Munneke M. Reproducibility and validity of patient-rated assessment of speech, swallowing, and saliva control in Parkinson's disease. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Jul;92(7):1152-8.
Additional References:
Nascimento D, Carmona J, Mestre T, Ferreira JJ, Guimar?es I. Drooling rating scales in Parkinson's disease: A systematic review. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2021 Oct;91:173-180.
Presotto M, Olchik MR, Kalf JG, Rieder CRM. Translation, linguistic and cultural adaptation, reliability and validity of the Radboud Oral Motor Inventory for Parkinson's Disease - ROMP questionnaire. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2018 May;76(5):316-323. (Validation in Brazilian population)
Document last updated August 2022