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CDE Detailed Report
This report contains detailed information about the selected CDEs.
Note: If at least one CDE was selected from a copyright- or trademark-protected instrument/scale then all of the CDEs from that instrument/scale are included in this report.
Disease: Traumatic Brain Injury
SubDisease: Comprehensive
Sub-Domain: Physical Function
CRF: Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Item count: 12 (12 distinct CDEs)
CDE ID
CDE Name
Variable Name
Definition / Description
Question Text
Permissible Value
Description
Data Type
Instructions
References
Population
Classification (e.g., Core)
Version #
Version Date
Aliases for Variable Name
CRF Module / Guideline
© or TM
Sub-Domain
Domain
Previous Title
Size
Input Restrictions
Min Value
Max Value
Measurement Type
LOINC ID
SNOMED
caDSR ID
CDISC ID
C21566
Footwear use type
FootwearUseTyp
The type related to footwear used.
Footwear (shoes, barefoot, braces, tape, etc.)
  
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
No references available
Adult
Supplemental
1.0
7/28/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
 
255
Free-Form Entry
       
C20804
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Foot tested anatomic site
BESSFootTestAnatSite
Anatomic site of non-dominant foot tested, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Which foot was tested (i.e., which is the non-dominant foot)
Left;Right;
Left;Right;
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Single Pre-Defined Value Selected
       
C21564
Ground surface type
GroundSurfTyp
The type of ground surface.
Testing surface (hard floor, field, etc.)
  
Alphanumeric
No instructions available
No references available
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
7/28/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
 
255
Free-Form Entry
       
C20795
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Double leg stance firm surface error count
BESSDblLegFirmErrorCt
Number of errors during double leg stance with feet together on firm surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Double leg stance first surface error
  
Numeric Values
“The first stance is standing with your feet together with your hands on your hips and with your eyes closed. You should try to maintain stability in that position for 20 seconds. I will be counting the number of times you move out of this position. I will start timing when you are set and have closed your eyes.“

Please take your shoes off, roll up your pant legs above ankle (if applicable), and remove any ankle taping (if applicable). This test will consist of 6 - twenty second tests with three different stances on two different surfaces. I will describe the stances as we go along. Standing on a firm surface with feet side by side (touching), hands on the hips and eyes closed.
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20796
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Single leg stance firm surface error count
BESSSglLegFirmErrorCt
Number of errors during single leg stance with non-dominant foot tested on firm surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Single leg stance first surface error
  
Numeric Values
“If you were to kick a ball, which foot would you use? [This will be the dominant foot] Now
stand on your non-dominant foot. The dominant leg should be held in approximately 30 degrees of hip flexion and 45 degrees of knee flexion. Again, you should try to maintain stability
for 20 seconds with your hands on your hips and your eyes closed. I will be counting the number of times you move out of this position. If you stumble out of this position, open your
eyes and return to the start position and continue balancing. I will start timing when you are set and have closed your eyes.“

Standing on a firm surface on the non-dominant foot (opposite leg of the preferred kicking leg), the hip is flexed to approximately 30 degrees and knee flexed to approximately 45 degrees. Hands are on the hips and eyes closed.
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20797
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Tandem stance firm surface error count
BESSTandemFirmErrorCt
Number of errors during tandem stance with non-dominant foot in back on firm surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Tandem stance first surface errors
  
Numeric Values
“Now stand heel-to-toe with your non-dominant foot in back. Your weight should be evenly distributed across both feet. Again, you should try to maintain stability for 20 seconds with
your hands on your hips and your eyes closed. I will be counting the number of times you move out of this position. If you stumble out of this position, open your eyes and return to
the start position and continue balancing. I will start timing when you are set and have closed your eyes.”

Standing heel to toe on a firm surface with the non-dominate foot in the back. Heel of the dominant foot should be touching the toe of the non-dominant foot. Hands are on the hips and their eyes are closed.
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20798
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Firm surface total error count
BESSTotalFirmErrorCt
Total number of errors while on firm surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Total Score: First surface total error (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
An error is credited to the subject when any of the following occur: 1) moving the hands off of the iliac crests; 2) opening the eyes; 3) step stumble or fall; 4) abduction or flexion of the hip beyond 30; 5) lifting the forefoot or heel off of the testing surface; 6) remaining out of the proper testing position for greater than 5 seconds. The maximum total number of errors for any single condition is 10.
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
30
     
C20799
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Double leg stance foam surface error count
BESSDblLegFoamErrorCt
Number of errors during double leg stance with feet together on foam surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Double leg stance foam surface errors (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
Option: For further assessment, the same 3 stances can be performed on a surface of medium density foam (e.g., approximately 50 cmX40 cmX 6cm)
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20800
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Single leg stance foam surface error count
BESSSglLegFoamErrorCt
Number of errors during single leg stance with non-dominant foot tested on foam surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Single leg stance foam surface errors (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
Option: For further assessment, the same 3 stances can be performed on a surface of medium density foam (e.g., approximately 50 cmX40 cmX 6cm)
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20801
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Tandem stance foam surface error count
BESSTandemStncFoamSrfcErrorCt
Number of errors during tandem stance with non-dominant foot in back on foam surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Tandem stance foam surface error (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
Option: For further assessment, the same 3 stances can be performed on a surface of medium density foam (e.g., approximately 50 cmX40 cmX 6cm)
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
10
     
C20802
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Foam surface total error count
BESSTotalFoamErrorCt
Total number of errors while on foam surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
Total Score: Foam surface total error (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
Option: For further assessment, the same 3 stances can be performed on a surface of medium density foam (e.g., approximately 50 cmX40 cmX 6cm)
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
30
     
C20803
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) - Both firm foam surface total error count
BESSTotalErrorCt
Total number of errors for both firm and foam surface, as part of Balance Error Scoring System (BESS).
B.E.S.S. Total: Firm and foam surfaces total error (Optional)
  
Numeric Values
Option: For further assessment, the same 3 stances can be performed on a surface of medium density foam (e.g., approximately 50 cmX40 cmX 6cm)
Bell et al. Systematic Review of the Balance Error Scoring System, Sports Health. 2011 May; 3(3): 287–295.doi: 10.1177/1941738111403122. http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/documents/carolinasrehab/bess_manual_.pdf
Adult;Pediatric
Supplemental
1.0
5/21/2015
Aliases for variable name not defined
Balance Error Scoring System Modified (BESS-Modified)
Physical Function
Outcomes and End Points
  
Free-Form Entry
0
60
     
06-20-2019
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